Division is the process of dividing or sharing something in equal parts. It is the opposite of multiplication.
Each part of the division has a different name.
Dividend: The number which is divided is called the dividend.
Divisor: The number by which we divide is called the divisor.
Quotient: The answer to the division problem is a quotient.
There are different methods of division.
Chunk means parts. In the chunking method, we repeatedly subtract the divisor or the multiples of the divisor from the dividend.
To divide 48 by 4, we can subtract chunks of 4.
So, 48 ÷ 4 = 10 + 2 = 12
Short division Method
This method is also called the ‘bus stop method’. In this method, we start dividing the dividend from the left-hand side by the divisor.
Step 1: 4 goes into 4 one time. So, we will write 1 at the top.
Step 2: 4 goes into 8 two times. So, we will write 2 at the top.
48 ÷ 4 = 12