Math > Year 3

Short division

Division
Division is the process of dividing or sharing something in equal parts. It is the opposite of multiplication.


Each part of the division has a different name.

 

Dividend: The number which is divided is called the dividend.

Divisor: The number by which we divide is called the divisor.

Quotient: The answer to the division problem is a quotient.

 

For Example: 
 

 

There are different methods of division.

 

Chunking Method:

Chunk means parts. In the chunking method, we repeatedly subtract the divisor or the multiples of the divisor from the dividend.


For example:

To divide 48 by 4, we can subtract chunks of 4.


So, 48 ÷ 4 = 10 + 2 = 12 

 

Short division Method

This method is also called the ‘bus stop method’. In this method, we start dividing the dividend from the left-hand side by the divisor.
 

Example :
 

Step 1: 4 goes into 4 one time. So, we will write 1 at the top.
 


 

Step 2: 4 goes into 8 two times. So, we will write 2 at the top.
 


 

48 ÷ 4 = 12


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