**Division**

Division is the process of dividing or sharing something in equal parts. It is the opposite of multiplication.

Each part of the division has a different name.

**Dividend:** The number which is divided is called the dividend.

**Divisor:** The number by which we divide is called the divisor.

**Quotient: **The answer to the division problem is a quotient.

**For Example: **

There are different methods of division.

**Chunking Method:**

Chunk means parts. In the chunking method, we repeatedly subtract the divisor or the multiples of the divisor from the dividend.

**For example:**

To divide 48 by 4, we can subtract chunks of 4.

So, 48 ÷ 4 = 10 + 2 = 12

**Short division Method**

This method is also called the ‘bus stop method’. In this method, we start dividing the dividend from the left-hand side by the divisor.

**Example :**

**Step 1:** 4 goes into 4 one time. So, we will write 1 at the top.

**Step 2:** 4 goes into 8 two times. So, we will write 2 at the top.

48 ÷ 4 = 12

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