**What is Comparing?**

To compare means to know if one number is the same as, or smaller than, or bigger than, another number.

**How do we compare numbers?**

To compare the number, we can partition the numbers.

For example,

We start comparing numbers from the highest value column i.e., **from the left-hand side**.

327 has 3 hundreds and 259 has 2 hundreds.

So, 327 is bigger than 259.

**What if the hundreds are the same?**

If the hundreds are the same, we’ll compare the next value column i.e., ‘tens’.

567 and 583 have 5 hundreds each. So, we’ll look at the tens digit now.

567 has ‘6 tens’ and 583 has ‘8 tens’.

So, 567 is smaller than 583.

**Comparing numbers using a number line**

We can also use number lines to compare two numbers.

For example,

The number on the right side of a number line is always bigger than the number on the left side.

So, 231 is bigger than 225.

**Symbols**

The easiest way to remember these signs is to remember that the open side of the sign ‘>’ and ‘<’ points toward a bigger number and the closed side of the sign ‘>’ and ‘<’ points towards a smaller number.

**Let's try a question.**

Given below is the distance of 3 towns from Cambridge. The closest town is

**a.** Town A = 547km

**b**. Town B = 517 km

**c. **Town C = 528 km

**d.** Town D = 514km

**Explanation:**

The closest town means the one with the smallest distance.

All the distances have 5 at hundreds place. So, we’ll look at the tens column.

Town A has 4 tens.

Town B has 1 ten.

Town C has 2 tens.

Town D has 1 tens.

This eliminates Town A and Town C.

Let us compare the one’s column of Town B and D.

Town B has 7 tens and Town D has 4 ones.

Hence, **Town D i**s closest to the town.

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